If an ovarian cyst is discovered by your healthcare provider, one of several things may happen. Your provider may wait to see if the cyst recedes on its own. If you are postmenopausal, if you are in pain, or if your cyst remains, your doctor may recommend surgery. If your cyst ruptures or causes bleeding, you should seek immediate medical help. You may be prescribed hormone therapy or hormonal birth control to inhibit the growth of future cysts.