What Is an Ovariectomy?
Ovariectomy is a surgery to remove one or both ovaries. It is also most commonly referred to as oophorectomy.
An ovariectomy may be prescribed to address:
- Abscesses or cysts
- Benign tumors
- Torsion- a twisting of the ovaries
In some cases, an ovariectomy may be used as an interventional treatment to prevent cancer.
When You Should Not Have An Ovariectomy
If you are currently pregnant or are considering becoming pregnant in the future, an ovariectomy to remove your ovaries will prevent your ability to become pregnant.
Preparing for an Ovariectomy
Before your procedure, talk to your surgeon about getting prepared. Commonly, they may require you to:
- Stop taking certain medications
- Take a solution to clear the intestine prior to surgery
- Fast for up to 12 hours prior to surgery
- Undergo an ultrasound or ct scan
Types of Ovariectomy
- Minimally Invasive Laparoscopy
- Open Surgery (Laparotomy)
With the laparotomy, the ovariectomy is performed by making one large incision in the lower abdomen. The surgeon then separates the ovary from the blood supply and the tissues surrounding it then removing the ovary.
The minimally invasive option does the same thing using small instruments inserted through 3-4 very small incisions. In this scenario, the surgeon uses a camera and a 3-d monitor to view the tissues and to guide the surgical instruments vs. performing the surgery manually.
Results & Recovery After Ovariectomy
After your procedure via laparotomy has been completed, the abdominal incision will be sutured and you will be moved from the surgical suite to a recovery area. Because open surgery requires a larger incision, you may need more time to recover before returning home as opposed to minimally invasive procedures that are performed on an outpatient basis. Common side effects and risks after surgery include pain, irritation, bleeding and infection at the surgical site. Be sure to follow your surgeon’s guidance completely and seek care immediately if you experience severe pain or bleeding. If you’re experiencing a health emergency, please dial 911.
If you get the minimally invasive option, the surgery may be performed on an outpatient basis, but the types of side effects and risk would remain mostly unchanged. The minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery involves fewer risks and side effects and has less cosmetic impact than scarring due to open surgery (laparotomy).
How Advanced Gynecology Can Help
Our dual board-certified surgeons and specialists are here for you. If you’d like to learn more about ovariectomy or any other gynecological service, contact one of our patient coordinators today to book an appointment or to request more information from our care team.